OpenRFC.org Requests For Comments ... for the community
Welcome to OpenRFC
Home Full RFC index RFC humour Our technology
 
<< Previous <<      RFC 4373      >> Next >>    
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) Bulk Update/Replication Protocol (LBURP).
R. Harrison, J. Sermersheim, Y. Dong. January 2006.

 
[Direct link][Download text version]
 

Network Working Group R. Harrison Request for Comments: 4373 J. Sermersheim Category: Informational Novell, Inc. Y. Dong January 2006 Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) Bulk Update/Replication Protocol (LBURP) Status of This Memo This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006). Abstract The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) Bulk Update/Replication Protocol (LBURP) allows an LDAP client to perform a bulk update to an LDAP server. The protocol frames a sequenced set of update operations within a pair of LDAP extended operations to notify the server that the update operations in the framed set are related in such a way that the ordering of all operations can be preserved during processing even when they are sent asynchronously by the client. Update operations can be grouped within a single protocol message to maximize the efficiency of client-server communication. The protocol is suitable for efficiently making a substantial set of updates to the entries in an LDAP server. Harrison, et al. Informational [Page 1]
RFC 4373 LDAP Bulk Update/Replication Protocol January 2006 Table of Contents 1. Introduction ....................................................3 2. Conventions Used in This Document ...............................3 3. Overview of Protocol ............................................3 3.1. Update Initiation ..........................................4 3.2. Update Stream ..............................................4 3.2.1. LBURPUpdateRequest ..................................4 3.2.2. LBURPUpdateResponse .................................4 3.3. Update Termination .........................................4 3.4. Applicability of Protocol ..................................5 4. Description of Protocol Flow ....................................5 5. Elements of Protocol ............................................6 5.1. StartLBURPRequest ..........................................7 5.1.1. updateStyleOID ......................................7 5.2. StartLBURPResponse .........................................7 5.2.1. maxOperations .......................................8 5.3. LBURPUpdateRequest .........................................8 5.3.1. sequenceNumber ......................................8 5.3.2. UpdateOperationList .................................9 5.4. LBURPUpdateResponse ........................................9 5.4.1. OperationResults ...................................10 5.4.1.1. operationNumber ...........................10 5.4.1.2. ldapResult ................................10 5.5. EndLBURPRequest ...........................................10 5.5.1. sequenceNumber .....................................10 5.6. EndLBURPResponse ..........................................11 6. Semantics of the Incremental Update Style ......................11 7. General LBURP Semantics ........................................11 8. Security Considerations ........................................12 9. IANA Considerations ............................................13 9.1. LDAP Object Identifier Registrations ......................13 10. Normative References ..........................................14 11. Informative References ........................................14 Harrison, et al. Informational [Page 2]
RFC 4373 LDAP Bulk Update/Replication Protocol January 2006 1. Introduction The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) Bulk Update/Replication Protocol (LBURP) arose from the need to allow an LDAP client to efficiently present large quantities of updates to an LDAP server and have the LDAP server efficiently process them. LBURP introduces a minimum of new operational functionality to the LDAP protocol because the update requests sent by the client encapsulate standard LDAP [RFC2251] update operations. However, this protocol greatly facilitates bulk updates by allowing the client to send the update operations asynchronously and still allow the server to maintain proper ordering of the operations. It also allows the server to recognize the client's intent to perform a potentially large set of update operations and then to change its processing strategy to more efficiently process the operations. 2. Conventions Used in This Document Imperative keywords defined in RFC 2119 [RFC2119] are used in this document, and carry the meanings described there. All Basic Encoding Rules (BER) [X.690] encodings follow the conventions found in section 5.1 of [RFC2251]. The term "supplier" applies to an LDAP client or an LDAP server (acting as a client) that supplies a set of update operations to a consumer. The term "consumer" applies to an LDAP server that consumes (i.e., processes) the sequenced set of update operations sent to it by a supplier. 3. Overview of Protocol LBURP frames a set of update operations within a pair of LDAP extended operations that mark the beginning and end of the update set. These updates are sent via LDAP extended operations, each containing a sequence number and a list of one or more update operations to be performed by the consumer. Except for the fact that they are grouped together as part of a larger LDAP message, the update operations in each subset are encoded as LDAP update operations and use the LDAP Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) [X.680] message types specified in [RFC2251]. Harrison, et al. Informational [Page 3]
RFC 4373 LDAP Bulk Update/Replication Protocol January 2006 3.1. Update Initiation The protocol is initiated when a supplier sends a StartLBURPRequest extended operation to a consumer as a notification that a stream of associated LBURPUpdateRequests will follow. The supplier associates semantics with this stream of requests by including the Object Identifier (OID) of the bulk update/replication style in the StartLBURPRequest. The consumer responds to the StartLBURPRequest with a StartLBURPResponse message. 3.2. Update Stream After the consumer responds with a StartLBURPResponse, the supplier sends a stream of LBURPUpdateRequest messages to the consumer. Messages within this stream may be sent asynchronously to maximize the efficiency of the transfer. The consumer responds to each LBURPUpdateRequest with an LBURPUpdateResponse message. 3.2.1. LBURPUpdateRequest Each LBURPUpdateRequest contains a sequence number identifying its relative position within the update stream and an UpdateOperationList containing an ordered list of LDAP update operations to be applied to the Directory Information Tree (DIT). The sequence number enables the consumer to process LBURPUpdateRequest messages in the order they were sent by the supplier even when they are sent asynchronously. The consumer processes each LBURPUpdateRequest according to the sequence number by applying the LDAP update operations in its UpdateOperationList to the DIT in the order they are listed. 3.2.2. LBURPUpdateResponse When the consumer has processed the update operations from an UpdateOperationList, it sends an LBURPUpdateResponse to the supplier indicating the success or failure of the update operations contained within the corresponding LBURPUpdateRequest. 3.3. Update Termination After the supplier has sent all of its LBURPUpdateRequest messages, it sends an EndLBURPRequest message to the consumer to terminate the update stream. Upon servicing all LBURPOperation requests and receiving the EndLBURPRequest, the consumer responds with an EndLBURPResponse, and the update is complete. Harrison, et al. Informational [Page 4]
RFC 4373 LDAP Bulk Update/Replication Protocol January 2006 3.4. Applicability of Protocol LBURP is designed to facilitate the bulk update of LDAP servers. It can also be used to synchronize directory information between a single master and multiple slaves. No attempt is made to deal with the issues associated with multiple- master replication environments (such as keeping modification times of attribute values) so that updates to the same entry on different replicas can be correctly ordered. For this reason, when LBURP alone is used for replication, proper convergence of the data between all replicas can only be assured in a single-master replication environment. 4. Description of Protocol Flow This section describes the LBURP protocol flow and the information contained in each protocol message. Throughout this section, the client or server acting as a supplier is indicated by the letter "S", and the server acting as a consumer is indicated by the letter "C". The construct "S -> C" indicates that the supplier is sending an LDAP message to the consumer, and "C -> S" indicates that the consumer is sending an LDAP message to the supplier. Note that the protocol flow below assumes that a properly authenticated LDAP session has already been established between the supplier and consumer. S -> C: StartLBURPRequest message. The parameter is: 1) OID for the LBURP update style (see section 5.1.1). C -> S: StartLBURPResponse message. The parameter is: 1) An optional maxOperations instruction (see section 5.2.1). S -> C: An update stream consisting of zero or more LBURPUpdateRequest messages. The requests MAY be sent asynchronously. The parameters are: 1) A sequence number specifying the order of this LBURPUpdateRequest with respect to the other LBURPUpdateRequest messages in the update stream (see section 5.3.1). 2) LBURPUpdateRequest.updateOperationList, a list of one or more LDAP update operations (see section 5.3.2). Harrison, et al. Informational [Page 5]
RFC 4373 LDAP Bulk Update/Replication Protocol January 2006 The consumer processes the LBURPUpdateRequest messages in the order of their sequence numbers and applies the LDAP update operations contained within each LBURPUpdateRequest to the DIT in the order they are listed. C -> S: LBURPUpdateResponse message. This is sent when the consumer completes processing the update operations from each LBURPUpdateRequest.updateOperationList. S -> C: EndLBURPRequest message. This is sent after the supplier sends all of its LBURPUpdateRequest messages to the consumer. The parameter is: 1) A sequence number that is one greater than the sequence number of the last LBURPUpdateRequest message in the update stream. This allows the EndLBURPRequest to also be sent asynchronously. C -> S: EndLBURPResponse message. This is sent in response to the EndLBURPRequest after the consumer has serviced all LBURPOperation requests. 5. Elements of Protocol LBURP uses two LDAP ExtendedRequest messages--StartLBURPRequest and EndLBURPRequest--to initiate and terminate the protocol. A third LDAP ExtendedRequest message--LBURPUpdateRequest--is used to send update operations from the supplier to the consumer. These three requests along with their corresponding responses comprise the entire protocol. LBURP request messages are defined in terms of the LDAP ExtendedRequest [RFC2251] as follows: ExtendedRequest ::= [APPLICATION 23] SEQUENCE { requestName [0] LDAPOID, requestValue [1] OCTET STRING OPTIONAL } LBURP response messages are defined in terms of the LDAP ExtendedResponse [RFC2251] as follows: ExtendedResponse ::= [APPLICATION 24] SEQUENCE { COMPONENTS of LDAPResult, responseName [10] LDAPOID OPTIONAL, response [11] OCTET STRING OPTIONAL } Harrison, et al. Informational [Page 6]
RFC 4373 LDAP Bulk Update/Replication Protocol January 2006 5.1. StartLBURPRequest The requestName value of the StartLBURPRequest is OID 1.3.6.1.1.17.1. The requestValue of the StartLBURPRequest contains the BER-encoding of the following ASN.1: StartLBURPRequestValue ::= SEQUENCE { updateStyleOID LDAPOID } LDAPOID is defined in [RFC2251], section 4.1.2. 5.1.1. updateStyleOID The updateStyleOID is an OID that uniquely identifies the LBURP update style being used. This document defines one LBURP update semantic style that can be transmitted between the StartLBURPRequest and EndLBURPRequest. The updateStyleOID is included in the protocol for future expansion of additional update styles. For example, a future specification might define an update style with semantics to replace all existing entries with a new set of entries and thus only allows the Add operation. The updateStyleOID for the LBURP Incremental Update style is 1.3.6.1.1.17.7. The semantics of this update style are described in section 6. 5.2. StartLBURPResponse The responseName of the StartLBURPResponse is the OID 1.3.6.1.1.17.2. The optional response element contains the BER-encoding of the following ASN.1: StartLBURPResponseValue ::= maxOperations maxOperations ::= INTEGER (0 .. maxInt) maxInt INTEGER ::= 2147483647 -- (2^^31 - 1) -- Harrison, et al. Informational [Page 7]
RFC 4373 LDAP Bulk Update/Replication Protocol January 2006 5.2.1. maxOperations When present, the value of maxOperations instructs the supplier to send no more than that number of update operations per LBURPUpdateRequest.updateOperationList (see section 5.3.2). If the consumer does not send a maxOperations value, it MUST be prepared to accept any number of update operations per LBURPUpdateRequest.updateOperationList. The supplier MAY send fewer but MUST NOT send more than maxOperations update operations in a single LBURPUpdateRequest.updateOperationList. 5.3. LBURPUpdateRequest The LBURPUpdateRequest message is used to send a set of zero or more LDAP update operations from the supplier to the consumer along with sequencing information that enables the consumer to maintain the proper sequencing of multiple asynchronous LBURPUpdateRequest messages. The requestName of the LBURPUpdateRequest is the OID 1.3.6.1.1.17.5. The requestValue of an LBURPOperation contains the BER-encoding of the following ASN.1: LBURPUpdateRequestValue ::= SEQUENCE { sequenceNumber INTEGER (1 .. maxInt), updateOperationList UpdateOperationList } 5.3.1. sequenceNumber The sequenceNumber orders associated LBURPOperation requests. This enables the consumer to process LBURPOperation requests in the order specified by the supplier. The supplier MUST set the value of sequenceNumber of the first LBURPUpdateRequest to 1, and MUST increment the value of sequenceNumber by 1 for each succeeding LBURPUpdateRequest. In the unlikely event that the number of LBURPUpdateRequest messages exceeds maxInt, a sequenceNumber value of 1 is deemed to be the succeeding sequence number following a sequence number of maxInt. Harrison, et al. Informational [Page 8]
RFC 4373 LDAP Bulk Update/Replication Protocol January 2006 5.3.2. UpdateOperationList The UpdateOperationList is a list of one or more standard LDAP update requests and is defined as follows: UpdateOperationList ::= SEQUENCE OF SEQUENCE{ updateOperation CHOICE { addRequest AddRequest, modifyRequest ModifyRequest, delRequest DelRequest, modDNRequest ModifyDNRequest }, controls [0] Controls OPTIONAL } AddRequest, ModifyRequest, DelRequest, and ModifyDNRequest are defined in [RFC2251], sections 4.6, 4.7, 4.8, and 4.9. The LDAP update requests in the UpdateOperationList MUST be applied to the DIT in the order in which they are listed. 5.4. LBURPUpdateResponse An LBURPUpdateResponse message is sent from the consumer to the supplier to signal that all of the update operations from the UpdateOperationList of an LBURPUpdateRequest have been completed and to give the results for the update operations from that list. The responseName of the LBURPUpdateResponse is the OID 1.3.6.1.1.17.6. If the consumer server cannot successfully decode an LBURPUpdateRequest in its entirety, the resultCode for the corresponding LBURPUpdateResponse is set to protocolError and the response element is omitted. Updates from the LBURPUpdateRequest SHALL NOT be committed to the DIT in this circumstance. If the status of all of the update operations being reported by an LBURPUpdateResponse message is success, the resultCode of the LBURPUpdateResponse message is set to success and the response element is omitted. If the status of any of the update operations being reported by an LBURPUpdateResponse message is something other than success, the resultCode for the entire LBURPUpdateResponse is set to other to signal that the response element is present. Harrison, et al. Informational [Page 9]
RFC 4373 LDAP Bulk Update/Replication Protocol January 2006 5.4.1. OperationResults When a response element is included in an LBURPUpdateResponse message, it contains the BER-encoding of the following ASN.1: OperationResults ::= SEQUENCE OF OperationResult OperationResult ::= SEQUENCE { operationNumber INTEGER, ldapResult LDAPResult } An OperationResult is included for each operation from the UpdateOperationList that failed during processing. 5.4.1.1. operationNumber The operationNumber identifies the LDAP update operation from the UpdateOperationList of the LBURPUpdateRequest that failed. Operations are numbered beginning at 1. 5.4.1.2. ldapResult The ldapResult included in the OperationResult is the same ldapResult that would be sent for the update operation that failed if it had failed while being processed as a normal LDAP update operation. LDAPResult is defined in [RFC2251], section 4.1.10. 5.5. EndLBURPRequest The requestName of the EndLBURPRequest is the OID 1.3.6.1.1.17.3. The requestValue contains the BER-encoding of the following ASN.1: EndLBURPRequestValue::= SEQUENCE { sequenceNumber INTEGER (1 .. maxInt) } 5.5.1. sequenceNumber The value in sequenceNumber is one greater than the last LBURPUpdateRequest.sequenceNumber in the update stream. It allows the server to know when it has received all outstanding asynchronous LBURPUpdateRequests. Harrison, et al. Informational [Page 10]
RFC 4373 LDAP Bulk Update/Replication Protocol January 2006 5.6. EndLBURPResponse The responseName of the EndLBURPResponse is the OID 1.3.6.1.1.17.4. There is no response element in the EndLBURPResponse message. 6. Semantics of the Incremental Update Style The initial state of entries in the consumer's DIT plus the LBURPUpdateRequest messages in the update stream collectively represent the desired final state of the consumer's DIT. All LDAP update operations defined in [RFC2251]--Add, Modify, Delete, and Modify DN--are allowed in the incremental update stream. All of the semantics of those operations are in effect, so for instance, an attempt to add an entry that already exists will fail just as it would during a normal LDAP Add operation. 7. General LBURP Semantics The consumer server may take any action required to efficiently process the updates sent via LBURP, as long as the final state is equivalent to that which would have been achieved if the updates in the update stream had been applied to the DIT using normal LDAP update operations. The LBURPUpdateRequest messages that form the update stream MAY be sent asynchronously by the supplier to the consumer. This means that the supplier need not wait for an LBURPUpdateResponse message for one LBURPUpdateRequest message before sending the next LBURPUpdateRequest message. When the LBURP update stream contains a request that affects multiple Directory System Agents (DSAs), the consumer MAY choose to perform the request or return a resultCode value of affectsMultipleDSAs. As with any LDAP operation, a consumer MAY send a resultCode value of referral as part of the OperationResult element for any operation on an entry that it does not contain. If the consumer is configured to do so, it MAY chain on behalf of the supplier to complete the update operation instead. While a consumer server is processing an LBURP update stream, it may choose not to service LDAP requests on other connections. This provision is designed to allow implementers the freedom to implement highly-efficient methods of handling the update stream without being constrained by the need to maintain a live, working DIT database while doing so. Harrison, et al. Informational [Page 11]
RFC 4373 LDAP Bulk Update/Replication Protocol January 2006 If a consumer chooses to refuse LDAP operation requests from other suppliers during LBURP update, it is RECOMMENDED that the consumer refer those requests to another server that has the appropriate data to complete the operation. Unless attribute values specifying timestamps are included as part of the update stream, updates made using LBURP are treated the same as other LDAP operations wherein they are deemed to occur at the present. Consumers MAY store timestamp values sent by suppliers but are not required to do so. Implementations may choose to perform the operations in the update stream with special permissions to improve performance. Consumer implementations should include functionality to detect and terminate connections on which an LBURP session has been initiated but information (such as the EndLBURPRequest) needed to complete the LBURP session is never received. A timeout is one mechanism that can be used to accomplish this. 8. Security Considerations Implementations should ensure that a supplier making an LBURP request is properly authenticated and authorized to make the updates requested. There is a potential for loss of data if updates are made to the DIT without proper authorization. If LBURP is used for replication, implementers should note that unlike other replication protocols, no existing replication agreement between supplier and consumer is required. These risks increase if the consumer server also processes the update stream with special permissions to improve performance. For these reasons, implementers should carefully consider which permissions should be required to perform LBURP operations and take steps to ensure that only connections with appropriate authorization are allowed to perform them. The data contained in the update stream may contain passwords and other sensitive data. Care should be taken to properly safeguard this information while in transit between supplier and consumer. The StartTLS [RFC2830] operation is one mechanism that can be used to provide data confidentiality and integrity services for this purpose. As with any asynchronous LDAP operation, it may be possible for an LBURP supplier to send asynchronous LBURPUpdateRequest messages to the consumer faster than the consumer can process them. Consumer implementers should take steps to prevent LBURP suppliers from interfering with the normal operation of a consumer server by issuing a rapid stream of asynchronous LBURPUpdateRequest messages. Harrison, et al. Informational [Page 12]
RFC 4373 LDAP Bulk Update/Replication Protocol January 2006 9. IANA Considerations Registration of the following values has been made by the IANA [RFC3383]. 9.1. LDAP Object Identifier Registrations The IANA has registered LDAP Object Identifiers identifying the protocol elements defined in this technical specification. The following registration template was provided: Subject: Request for LDAP OID Registration Person & email address to contact for further information: Roger Harrison rharrison@novell.com Specification: RFC 4373 Author/Change Controller: IESG Comments: Seven delegations will be made under the assigned OID. The following 6 OIDs are Protocol Mechanism OIDs of type "E" (supportedExtension): 1.3.6.1.1.17.1 StartLBURPRequest LDAP ExtendedRequest message 1.3.6.1.1.17.2 StartLBURPResponse LDAP ExtendedResponse message 1.3.6.1.1.17.3 EndLBURPRequest LDAP ExtendedRequest message 1.3.6.1.1.17.4 EndLBURPResponse LDAP ExtendedResponse message 1.3.6.1.1.17.5 LBURPUpdateRequest LDAP ExtendedRequest message 1.3.6.1.1.17.6 LBURPUpdateResponse LDAP ExtendedResponse message The following 1 OID is a Protocol Mechanism OID of type "F" (supportedFeature): 1.3.6.1.1.17.7 LBURP Incremental Update style OID Harrison, et al. Informational [Page 13]
RFC 4373 LDAP Bulk Update/Replication Protocol January 2006 10. Normative References [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key Words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [RFC2251] Wahl, M., Howes, T., and S. Kille, "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (v3)", RFC 2251, December 1997. [RFC3383] Zeilenga, K., "Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Considerations for the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)", BCP 64, RFC 3383, September 2002. [X.680] ITU-T Recommendation X.680 (07/2002) | ISO/IEC 8824-1:2002 "Information Technology - Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1): Specification of basic notation" [X.690] ITU-T Rec. X.690 (07/2002) | ISO/IEC 8825-1:2002, "Information technology - ASN.1 encoding rules: Specification of Basic Encoding Rules (BER), Canonical Encoding Rules (CER) and Distinguished Encoding Rules (DER)", 2002. 11. Informative References [RFC2830] Hodges, J., Morgan, R., and M. Wahl, "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (v3): Extension for Transport Layer Security", RFC 2830, May 2000. Harrison, et al. Informational [Page 14]
RFC 4373 LDAP Bulk Update/Replication Protocol January 2006 Authors' Addresses Roger Harrison Novell, Inc. 1800 S. Novell Place Provo, UT 84606 Phone: +1 801 861 2642 EMail: rharrison@novell.com Jim Sermersheim Novell, Inc. 1800 S. Novell Place Provo, UT 84606 Phone: +1 801 861 3088 EMail: jimse@novell.com Yulin Dong EMail: yulindong@gmail.com Harrison, et al. Informational [Page 15]
RFC 4373 LDAP Bulk Update/Replication Protocol January 2006 Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006). This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors retain all their rights. This document and the information contained herein are provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Intellectual Property The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights that might be claimed to pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in this document or the extent to which any license under such rights might or might not be available; nor does it represent that it has made any independent effort to identify any such rights. Information on the procedures with respect to rights in RFC documents can be found in BCP 78 and BCP 79. Copies of IPR disclosures made to the IETF Secretariat and any assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of such proprietary rights by implementers or users of this specification can be obtained from the IETF on-line IPR repository at http://www.ietf.org/ipr. The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary rights that may cover technology that may be required to implement this standard. Please address the information to the IETF at ietf-ipr@ietf.org. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is provided by the IETF Administrative Support Activity (IASA). Harrison, et al. Informational [Page 16]

   

[Home] [Full RFC index] [RFC humour] [Our technology]

Copyright © Inter-Corporate Computer & Network Services, Inc.  All rights reserved.
All trademarks and RFC contents are the property of their respective owners.